The Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK) announced the data on the current situation of the groups in question in Turkey, within the framework of the message “Giving priority to reproductive health and all human rights”, which was determined by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) as the theme of the World Population Day for 2021.
According to the World Population Day bulletin of TURKSTAT, “July 11, 1987”, when the world’s population reached 5 billion people in 1989, was accepted as “World Population Day” by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). On this special day, a theme that deals with the important issues of the population is determined by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) every year, and efforts are made to raise awareness about it.
UNFPA points out that the new type of coronavirus (Kovid-19) epidemic, which is the biggest global health problem of the last century, threatens the health of all people in the world, especially groups defined as the “fragile population”, and exacerbates gender inequalities. The fund draws attention to women and girls who are unable to access reproductive health services and family planning methods, as well as exposed to domestic violence, in countries with inadequate health systems during the pandemic.
In this regard, UNFPA underlined in the theme of World Population Day 2021 that the solution to changing fertility rates will be achieved by giving priority to reproductive health and all human rights. For this purpose, basic information on fertility and marriages was presented.
UNFPA has decided to emphasize “Prioritization of reproductive health and all human rights” as the theme of World Population Day 2021.
Turkey ranks 19th in terms of population size
According to the United Nations population estimates, the world population for 2020 was estimated to be 7 billion 794 million 798 thousand 729 people. The country with the highest population was China with 1 billion 439 million 323 thousand 774 people, followed by India with 1 billion 380 million 4 thousand 385 people and the USA with 331 million 2 thousand 647 people. These three countries constituted 40.4 percent of the world’s total population.
Turkey, with 83 million 384 thousand 680 people, ranked 19th among 235 countries in terms of population size, and covered 1.1 percent of the world’s total population.
While the number of live-born babies was 1 million 186 thousand 560 in 2019, it became 1 million 112 thousand 859 in 2020.
Total fertility rate refers to the average number of children a woman can give birth to in the 15-49 age group, which is her fertile period.
While the total fertility rate was 2.38 children in 2001, it was 1.76 children in 2020. This means that fertility is below the population renewal level of 2.10. under showed that he remained.
The province with the highest total fertility rate was Şanlıurfa with 3.71 children in 2020. This province was followed by Şırnak with 3.22 children, Ağrı and Siirt with 2.88 children each. The province with the lowest total fertility rate was Karabük with 1.29 children. This province was followed by Zonguldak and Kütahya with 1.31 children each.
Age-specific fertility rate refers to the average number of live births per 1000 women in a given age group.
When the fertility rate is analyzed by age group, the highest age-specific fertility rate was 144 per thousand in the 20-24 age group in 2001, while it was 115 per thousand in the 25-29 age group in 2020. This showed that fertility occurred at a later age of the woman.
Average age of mothers giving birth was 29
Adolescent fertility rate, which expresses the average number of live-born children per thousand women in the 15-19 age group, is important for the protection of maternal and infant health, as babies born to very young mothers face a higher risk of disease and death.
While the adolescent fertility rate was 49 per thousand in 2001, it decreased to 15 per thousand in 2020. In other words, there were 15 births per thousand women in the 15-19 age group in 2020.
While the average age of mothers who gave birth in 2001 was 26.7, it increased to 29 in 2020. The average age of mothers who gave birth in 2020 was 26.5.
When the educational status of mothers who gave birth is analyzed, it is seen that 34.7 percent of mothers graduated from primary, secondary or equivalent school in 2019, 20.8 percent of mothers graduated from high school or equivalent, and 25.9 percent of mothers graduated from higher education in 2020. It was determined that the rate of mothers who graduated from primary, secondary or equivalent school increased to 35 percent, the rate of mothers who graduated from high school or its equivalent to 22.2 percent, and the rate of mothers who graduated from higher education to 27.7 percent.
While it was determined that 2.4 percent of mothers who gave birth in 2019 were illiterate, 7.4 percent were literate but did not finish a school, 8.7 percent were primary school graduates, while these rates were 1.9 percent in 2020, respectively. , to 6.4 percent and 6.8 percent.
Average age at first marriage for women increased
The average age at first marriage for women, which was 24.4 in 2015, rose to 25.1 in 2020.
According to marriage statistics, the rate of official marriages of girls in the 16-17 age group in total official marriages, which was 7.8 percent in 2010, decreased to 2.7 percent in 2020.
“The proportion of women in the 20-24 age group who married before the age of 18”, which is one of the indicators included in the “United Nations Gender Indicators 52 Minimum Indicator Set” adopted by the United Nations Statistical Commission in 2013, was 8.2 percent in 2010, while it was 8.2 percent in 2020. It was 4.6.